Mr. Abu-Omar undertook his training in cardiothoracic surgery at Papworth, Oxford and London. Prior to that, he spent 3 years completing a research project investigating cerebral injury following cardiac surgery, and obtaining a Doctor of Philosophy (DPhil) at the University of Oxford.

Mr. Abu-Omar performs the full range of adult cardiac operations. His areas of interest include minimally invasive surgery, mitral valve surgery, coronary revascularization and surgery for atrial fibrillation. He is also a member of the transplant team at Royal Papworth.

His research interests include investigating the efficacy of surgery for atrial fibrillation, the investigation of end-organ injury following cardiac surgery and beating-heart surgery.

He has published widely and is currently the co-editor of two forthcoming textbooks. He also has a major interest in education and training.


Specialist Clinical Interests

Mitral valve surgery
Minimally invasive surgery
Surgery for atrial fibrillation
Off-pump coronary artery surgery
Arterial revascularization
Heart and lung transplantation

Research Interests

Surgical treatment of atrial fibrillation
Cerebral injury following cardiac surgery
Renal injury and cardiopulmonary bypass

Education and Training

MB ChB, University of Aberdeen
Membership of the Royal College of Surgeons (Eng, Ed, Glasg)
Doctor of Philosophy (DPhil), University of Oxford
Postgraduate Certificate in Medical Education (PgCert)
Fellowship of the Royal College of Surgeons, Cardiothoracic Surgery (FRCS-CTh)

Current membership(s) of professional, national and regional bodies and university posts

Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons
Member of the General Medical Council (4409689)
Member of the European Association for Cardiothoracic Surgery

Recent and Important Publications

Selected publications:

Abu-Omar, Tsui S. Mechanical circulatory support for acute myocardial infarction and cardiogenic shock. Journal of Cardiac Surgery 2010;25:434-41.

Abu-Omar Y, Taghavi F, Navartnarajah M, Ali A, Shahir A, Yu LM, Choong C, Taggart DP. The impact of off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery on postoperative renal function. Perfusion 2012;27:127-31.

Abu-Omar Y, Bhinda P, Choong CKC, Nashef SAM, Nair S. Survival after surgical repair of ischemic ventricular septal rupture. Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann 2012;20:404-8.

Ali A, Patel A, Ali Z, Abu-Omar Y, Saeed A, Athanasiou T, Pepper J. Enhanced left ventricular mass regression after aortic valve replacement in patients with aortic stenosis is associated with improved long-term survival. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2011;142:285-91.

Abu-Omar Y, Taggart DP. The present status of off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 2009;36:312-21.

Ali A, Abu-Omar Y, Patel A, Sheikh AY, Ali Z, Saeed A, Akhtar A, Athanasiou T, Pepper J. Propensity analysis of survival after subcoronary or root replacement techniques for homograft aortic valve replacement. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2009;137:334-41.

Balacumaraswami L, Abu-Omar Y, Selvanayagam J, Pigott D, Taggart DP. The effect of on-pump and off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting on intraoperative graft flow in arterial and venous conduits defined by a flow/pressure ratio. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2008;135:533-9.

Abu-Omar Y, Cader MZ, Guerrieri-Wolf L, Pigott D, Matthews PM, Taggart DP. Short term changes in cerebral activity in on-pump and off-pump cardiac surgery defined by functional magnetic resonance imaging and the relationship to microembolization. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2006;132:1119-25.

Guerrieri-Wolf L, Abu-Omar Y, Choudhary BP, Pigott D, Matthews PM, Taggart DP. Gaseous and solid cerebral microembolization during proximal aortic anastomoses in off-pump coronary surgery: the effect of an aortic side-biting clamp and two clampless devices. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2007;133:485-93.

Abu-Omar Y, Ratnatunga C. Cardiopulmonary bypass and renal injury. Perfusion 2006;21:209-13.

Abu-Omar Y, Mussa S, Naik MJ, MacCarthy N, Standing S, Taggart DP. Evaluation of Cystatin C as a marker of renal injury following on-pump and off-pump coronary surgery. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 2005;27:893-8.

Balacumaraswami L, Abu-Omar Y, Choudhary B, Pigott D, Taggart DP. A Comparison of transit-time flowmetry and intraoperative fluorescence (SPY) imaging for assessing coronary artery bypass graft patency. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2005;130:315-20.

Abu-Omar Y, Balacumaraswami L, Pigott D, Matthews PM, Taggart DP. Solid and gaseous cerebral microembolisation during off-pump, on-pump and open cardiac surgery procedures. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2004;127:1759-65.

Abu-Omar Y, Matthews PM, Cifelli A, Taggart DP. The role of microembolisation in cerebral injury as defined by functional magnetic resonance imaging. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 2004;26:586-91.

Abu-Omar Y, Mussa S, Anastasiadis K, Steel S, Hands L, Taggart DP. Duplex ultrasonography predicts safety of radial artery harvest in the presence of an abnormal Allen test. Ann Thorac Surg 2004;77:116-9.

Abu-Omar Y, Taggart DP. Off-pump Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting. Lancet 2002;360:327-9.

Selected book chapters:

Abu-Omar Y, Dunning JJ. Prosthetic heart valves. Book chapter in the forthcoming textbook Core Topics in Cardiac Anaesthesia, second edition, 2012, by J. Mackay and J. Arrowsmith.

Abu-Omar Y, Taggart DP. Limitations of neuropsychometric testing. Book Chapter in Monographs in Cardiac Surgery: Brain Protection in Cardiac Surgery, 2011, edited by R. Bonser, D. Pagano and A. Haverich.

Abu-Omar Y, Taggart DP. Atheromatous Embolization. Book Chapter in Textbook of Critical Care, 6th edition, 2011, edited by Mitchell Fink, Edward Abraham, Jean-Louis Vincent, and Patrick Kochanek.

Abu-Omar, Taggart DP. The role of CABG in acute myocardial infarction. Book Chapter in Essentials of Primary Angioplasty, 2010, edited by Stephen Brecker and Martin Rothman.

Abu-Omar Y, Taggart DP. Comparison of the effect of on-pump and off-pump CABG on neurological events. Book Chapter in "Arterial grafting for coronary artery bypass surgery: a textbook for cardiovascular clinicians and researchers", 2nd edition, 2006, edited by Prof. Guo-Wei He.

Where are we based?

Royal Papworth Hospital NHS Foundation Trust
Papworth Road
Cambridge Biomedical Campus

Telephone:  01223 638000

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